Art of the Ancient Mediterranean World

Egyptian collection: First floor of the Nancy Brown Negley West Tower

Greek and Roman collections: The Ewing Halsell Wing

Ancient Near Eastern collection: Fourth floor of the Nancy Brown Negley West Tower

The San Antonio Museum of Art houses one of the largest and most comprehensive collections of ancient Egyptian, Near Eastern, Greek and Roman art in the southern United States. 

The Egyptian collection represents nearly 4,000 years of civilization, from the Predynastic through Roman periods. A colossal statue of the goddess Sekhmet greets visitors to the Egyptian galleries. Other highlights of the collection include a remarkable Fourth Dynasty portrait of a woman carved of diorite and a group of twenty-eight relief sculptures from Amarna, the capital city of the Eighteenth Dynasty king Akhenaten. Among important works representing later phases of Egyptian history is a large, exquisitely preserved bronze votive statuette depicting a lion-headed goddess. Intricately carved cylinder seals and a silver bowl from Achaemenid Persia are highlights of the collection of ancient Near Eastern art. 

The centerpiece of the museum’s holdings of Greek art is a substantial collection representing the major developments in Greek vase-painting, with particular concentrations in Attic black- and red-figure and south Italian vessels. The museum's Roman sculpture collection, displayed in the breathtaking Denman Gallery, encompasses portraits, funerary sculpture, and mythological subjects. Especially noteworthy are several statues formerly in the collections of British nobility, including four from the celebrated Lansdowne collection (portraits of the emperors Trajan and Marcus Aurelius, a bust of a woman, and a Cupid and Psyche) and the sleeping Ariadne from Wilton House. Another strength of the collection is a large group of Greek and Roman glass vessels from the eastern Mediterranean.

 

Three Perfume or Cosmetic Bottles

Greek, Eastern Mediterranean, late 6th–5th century BC

Three Perfume or Cosmetic BottlesGreek, Eastern Mediterranean, late 6th–5th century BCDark blue, yellow, and turquoise glassleft: h. 2 3/4 in....

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Oinochoe (Pitcher) with a Young Man and a Woman

Greek, Athenian, circa 490–480 BC

Oinochoe (Pitcher) with a Young Man and a WomanAttributed to the Berlin PainterGreek, Athenian, circa 490–480 BCTerracottah. 11 1/2 in....

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Stamnos (jar) with a Cult Image of Dionysos and Two Women

Greek, Athenian, circa 450 BC

Stamnos (jar) with a Cult Image of Dionysos and Two Women Attributed to the Chicago Painter Greek, Athenian, circa 450...

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Grave Stele of Kallistrate

Greek, Athenian, circa 420–400 BC

Grave Stele of KallistrateGreek, Athenian, circa 420–400 BCMarbleh. 33 1/4 (84.7 cm); w. 13 1/2 (34.0 cm); d. 4 in....

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Calyx-krater (Mixing Bowl) with Telephos and Orestes

South Italian, Paestan, circa 340 BC

Calyx-krater (Mixing Bowl) with Telephos and OrestesSigned by Asteas South Italian, Paestan, circa 340 BC Terracotta h. 22 1/4 in....

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Stater of Athens

Greek, Athenian, circa 296 BC

Stater of Athens
Greek, Athenian, circa 296 BC
Gold
diam. 5/8 in. (1.5 cm)
Purchased with the W. C. Maverick Fund, 93.95.5

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Mourning Woman

South Italian, Canosan, 3rd century BC

Mourning WomanSouth Italian, Canosan, 3rd century BCPainted terracottah. 35 1/2 in. (90.5 cm); w. 13 in. (33.0 cm); d. 11...

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Lid from a Sarcophagus

Etruscan, 3rd century BC

Lid from a SarcophagusEtruscan, 3rd century BCNenfro (volcanic stone) and pigmenth. 32 1/2 in (82.4 cm); w. 85 3/4 in....

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Funerary Relief for Three Former Slaves

Roman, Augustan period, late 1st century BC–early 1st century AD

Funerary Relief for Three Former SlavesRoman, Augustan period, late 1st century BC–early 1st century ADMarbleh. 25 in. (63.4 cm); w....

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Perfume Bottles in the form of Dates

Roman, Eastern Mediterranean, 1st century AD

Perfume Bottles in the form of DatesRoman, Eastern Mediterranean, 1st century ADGlassleft: h. 2 3/4 in. (7.1 cm); max. diam....

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