Art of the Ancient Mediterranean World
Egyptian collection: First floor of the Nancy Brown Negley West Tower
Greek and Roman collections: The Ewing Halsell Wing
Ancient Near Eastern collection: Fourth floor of the Nancy Brown Negley West Tower
The San Antonio Museum of Art houses one of the largest and most comprehensive collections of ancient Egyptian, Near Eastern, Greek and Roman art in the southern United States.
The Egyptian collection represents nearly 4,000 years of civilization, from the Predynastic through Roman periods. A colossal statue of the goddess Sekhmet greets visitors to the Egyptian galleries. Other highlights of the collection include a remarkable Fourth Dynasty portrait of a woman carved of diorite and a group of twenty-eight relief sculptures from Amarna, the capital city of the Eighteenth Dynasty king Akhenaten. Among important works representing later phases of Egyptian history is a large, exquisitely preserved bronze votive statuette depicting a lion-headed goddess. Intricately carved cylinder seals and a silver bowl from Achaemenid Persia are highlights of the collection of ancient Near Eastern art.
The centerpiece of the museum’s holdings of Greek art is a substantial collection representing the major developments in Greek vase-painting, with particular concentrations in Attic black- and red-figure and south Italian vessels. The museum's Roman sculpture collection, displayed in the breathtaking Denman Gallery, encompasses portraits, funerary sculpture, and mythological subjects. Especially noteworthy are several statues formerly in the collections of British nobility, including four from the celebrated Lansdowne collection (portraits of the emperors Trajan and Marcus Aurelius, a bust of a woman, and a Cupid and Psyche) and the sleeping Ariadne from Wilton House. Another strength of the collection is a large group of Greek and Roman glass vessels from the eastern Mediterranean.
Statuette of Aphrodite
Roman (from Syria), 1st–3rd century A.D.
Egyptian, Late Period, Ptolemaic Period, 664-30 BC
Egyptian, Predynastic Period, circa 3600-3200 BC
Ceremonial Palette Fragment
Egyptian, Predynastic Period–Early Dynastic Period, circa 3000 BC
Bust of a Woman
Egyptian, Old Kingdom, Dynasty 4, circa 2613–2494 BC
Vase in the Form of a Female Monkey with Her Young
Egyptian, Old Kingdom, Dynasty 6, reign of Pepy II, circa 2278–2184 BC
Egyptian, New Kingdom, Dynasty 18, reign of Amenhotep III, circa 1390–1352 BC
Offerings in the Great Temple of Aten
Egyptian, New Kingdom, Dynasty 18, reign of Akhenaten, circa 1352–1336 BC
Cosmetic Dish in the Form of an Oryx
Egyptian, New Kingdom, Dynasty 18–20, circa 1550–1069 BC
Egyptian, Late Period, 664–332 BC